The Act of Study

by Paulo Freire


Emergence, Development and Evolution of Islamic Thought

Fazlur Rahman, Islam.

M.M. Sharif (ed.), A History of Muslim Philosophy (2 Vols)

Majid Fakhry, Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Mysticism: A Short Introduction.

Marshall G. S. Hodgson, The Venture of Islam (3 vols.)

Syed Ameer Ali, The Spirit of Islam.

William Montgomery Watt, The Formative Period of Islamic Thought.


Classical Muslim Thinkers

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, The Book of Knowledge [Kitab al-'ilm].

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, On the Boundaries of Theological Tolerance in Islam [Faysal al-tafriqa bayna al-Islam wa al-zandaqa].

Abu Nasr al-Farabi, On the Perfect State [Mabadi' ara' ahl al-madinat al-fadilah].

Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History.

Ibn Miskwayh, The Refinement of Character [Tahdhib al-akhlaq].

Ibn Rushd, On the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy [Kitab fasl al-maqal].

Ibn Tufayl, Hayy Ibn Yaqzan.

Ya'qub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi, On First Philosophy [Fi al-falsafah al-ula].


Modern Qur'anic Exegesis and Hermeneutics

Abdullah Saeed, Approaches to the Qur'an in Contemporary Indonesia.

Amina Wadud, Qur'an and Woman: Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman's Perspective.

Farid Esack, Qur'an, Liberation and Pluralism: An Islamic Perspective of Interreligious Solidarity against Oppression.

Fazlur Rahman, Major Themes of the Qur'an.

Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd, Rethinking the Qur'an: Towards a Humanistic Hermeneutics.

Mahmoud Mohamed Taha, The Second Message of Islam.

Suha Taji-Farouki, Modern Muslim Intellectuals and the Qur'an.


Contemporary Islamic Thought and Thinkers

Abdolkarim Soroush, Reason, Freedom, and Democracy in Islam: Essential Writings of Abdolkarim Soroush.

Charles Kurzman (ed.), Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook.

Fazlur Rahman, Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition.

Hassan Hanafi, Islam in the Modern World, 2 vols.

John J. Donohue and John L. Esposito (eds.), Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives.

Mehran Kamrava (ed.), The New Voices of Islam: Rethinking Politics and Modernity, A Reader.

Mohamed A. Mahmoud, A Critical Examination of the Thought of Mahmud Muhammad Taha.

Mohammed Arkoun, Rethinking Islam: Common Questions, Uncommon Answers.

Nasr Abu Zayd, Reformation of Islamic Thought: A Critical Historical Analysis.

Nurcholish Madjid, The True Face of Islam: Essays on Islam and Modernity in Indonesia.

Tariq Ramadan, Western Muslims and the Future of Islam.


Contemporary Theology in Islam

Abdulaziz Sachedina, The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism.

Asghar Ali Engineer, Islam and Liberation Theology: Essays on Liberative Elements in Islam.

Harun Nasution, Teologi Islam: Aliran-Aliran, Sejarah, Analisa, Perbandingan.

Muhammad 'Abduh, The Theology of Unity [Risalat al-Tauhid].


Contemporary Approaches to Shari'ah, Islamic Law and Jurisprudence

Abdullahi Ahmed An-Naim, Toward an Islamic Reformation: Civil Liberties, Human Rights, and International Law.

Khaled Abou El Fadl, Speaking in God's Name: Islamic Law, Authority and Women.

Mohammad Hashim Kamali, Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence.

Wael Hallaq, The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law.


Contemporary Arab-Islamic Intellectual History

Albert Hourani, Arab Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939.

Ibrahim M. Abu Rabi', Contemporary Arab Thought: Studies in Post-1967 Arab Intellectual History.

Leonard Binder, Islamic Liberalism: A Critique of Development Ideologies.


Gender Studies

Asghar Ali Engineer, The Rights of Women in Islam.

Asma Barlas, "Believing Women" in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an.

Fatima Mernissi, The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women's Rights in Islam.

Kecia Ali, Sexual Ethics and Islam: Feminist Reflections on Qur'an, Hadith and Jurisprudence.

Leila Ahmed, Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate.

Ziba Mir-Hosseini, Islam and Gender: The Religious Debate in Contemporary Iran.


Science and Philosophy in Muslim World

C. A. Qadir, Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World.

Majid Fakhry, A History of Islamic Philosophy.

Pervez Hoodbhoy, Islam and Science: Religious Orthodoxy and the Battle for Rationality.

Mohammed 'Abed al-Jabri, Arab-Islamic Philosophy: A Contemporary Critique.


Economic and Development Issues in Muslim World

Maxime Rodinson, Islam and Capitalism.

Ozay Mehmet, Islamic Identity and Development: Studies of the Islamic Periphery.

Timur Kuran, Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism.


Religious Resurgence in Malay World

Chandra Muzaffar, Islamic Resurgence in Malaysia.

Zainah Anwar, Islamic Revivalism in Malaysia: Dakwah Among the Students.

Judith Nagata, The Reflowering of Malaysian Islam: Modern Religious Radicals and their Roots.

Hussein Mutalib, Islam and Ethnicity in Malay Politics.


Religious Fundamentalism and Political Islam

Abdelwahab El-Affendi, Who Needs an Islamic State?

Asghar Ali Engineer, The State in Islam: Nature and Scope.

Bassam Tibi, The Challenge of Fundamentalism: Political Islam and the New World Disorder.

Dale F. Eickelman and James P. Piscatori, Muslim Politics.

Fouad Zakaria, Myth and Reality in the Contemporary Islamist Movement.

Gilles Kepel, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam.

Nazih Ayubi, Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World.

Olivier Roy, The Failure of Political Islam.

Olivier Roy, Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah.

Youssef M. Choueiri, Islamic Fundamentalism.


Social Psychological Diagnosis of Modern Life

Christopher Lasch, The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations.

Erich Fromm, Man for Himself.

Erich Fromm, The Sane Society.


Studies on Crowd-Mentality

David Riesman, Nathan Glazer, and Reuel Denny,  The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character.

Erich Fromm, Escape from Freedom.

Eric Hoffer, The True Believer: Thoughts on the Nature of Mass Movements.

Gustave Le Bon, The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind.

Jose Ortega y Gasset, The Revolt of the Masses.


Study of Middle-Class Mentality

Barbara Ehrenreich, Fear of Falling: The Inner Life of the Middle Class.

C. Wright Mills, White Collar: The American Middle Classes.

William Ryan, Blaming the Victims.


Sociological Imagination and Sociology of Knowledge

C. Wright Mills, The Sociological Imagination.

Emile Durkheim, The Rules of Sociological Method and Selected Texts on Sociology and Its Methods.

Evan Willis, The Sociological Quest: An Introduction to the Study of Social Life.

Karl Mannheim, Ideology and Utopia: An Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge.

Peter L. Berger, The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge.

Peter L. Berger, Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective.


Sociology of Religion

Emile Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life.

Erich Fromm, Psychoanalysis and Religion.

Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.

Max Weber, The Sociology of Religion.

Peter L. Berger, The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion.

Syed Hussein Alatas, Reflections of the Theories of Religion.


Globalization, Corporatization and the Consumer Culture

Henry Giroux, The Mouse That Roared: Disney and the End of Innocence.

Joel Bakan, The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power.

Joel H. Spring, Educating the Consumer-Citizen: A History of the Marriage of Schools, Advertising, and Media.

Juliet Schor, Born to Buy: The Commercialized Child and the New Consumer Culture.

Kenneth J. Saltman, Collateral Damage: Corporatizing Public Schools - A Threat to Democracy.

Susan Linn, Consuming Kids: The Hostile Takeover of Childhood.


Moral Economics and Developmental Issues

Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom.

E.F. Schumacher, Small is Beautiful: Economics As If People Mattered.


Education and Critical Pedagogy

Ira Shor, Empowering Education: Critical Teaching for Social Change.

Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed.

Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of Hope.

Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of Freedom: Ethics, Democracy, and Civic Courage.


Postcolonial Studies and Critiques of Orientalism

A.L. Macfie, Orientalism: A Reader.

Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized.

Edward W. Said, Orientalism.

Edward W. Said, Culture and Imperialism.

Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth.

Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks.

Homi K. Bhabha, The Location of Culture.

Syed Hussein Alatas, The Myth of the Lazy Natives: A Study of the Image of the Malays, Filipinos and Javanese from the 16th to the 20th century and Its Function in the Ideology of Colonial Capitalism.


Intellectuals in Society

Antonio Gramsci, Selections from the Prison Notebooks.

Edward Said, Representations of the Intellectual: The 1993 Reith Lectures.

Raymond Aron, The Opium of the Intellectuals.

Syed Hussein Alatas, Intellectuals in Developing Societies.

Julien Benda, The Treason of the Intellectuals.


Perspectives on Race, Class and Social Relations

Albert Memmi, Racism.

bell hooks, Where We Stand: Class Matters.

Cornel West, Race Matters.

E. Franklin Frazier, Black Bourgeoisie.

Gordon W. Allport, The Nature of Prejudice.


Historical Imagination and Perspectives

Christopher Dawson, Dynamics of World History.

Edward Hallet Carr, What is History?